buy carvedilolo online from canada what is fluconazole 50mg used for zyvox generic australia buy lipothin pills in the mexico cialis best price canada generic no prescription indian generics online ampicilina generic propranolol overnite shipping brand viagra sale sildenafil prescription lasilix generic uk zyloprim online pharmacies with out prescription actoplus 15 500 coreg for sale online bupron mg canada best price for real geriforte syrup ordering quibron t real vardenafil pills lopressor 50mg tablets side effects prednisone steroids women when will alli be available again uk mentax drug class prevacid tablets india canadian drug education metronidazole 500mg tablets price is allegra 200 over the counter buy brand amoxil online canada no prescription online pharmacy uk nitroglycerin flomax tablets price informatii despre viagra voltaren gel for lower back pain accutane 100mg cost of cleocin t buy riperdal without rx thyrohormone cheap australia pharmacy is depo provera a good birth control chloramphenicol for men in usa buy levitra have no prescription prednisone dose for allergies in dogs over the counter pills to delay period forced male ejaculation purchase allegra 180 mg buy lioresal quick cafergot online in us where to buy tenormin online usa buy alli low cheap price where to buy flonase in canada safely will estrace cream cause weight gain canada and decadron otomax pills sweat purchase doxazosin uk purchasing remeron online uk calan shopping how long do kamagra take to work benzac discount medications buy amlodipinbesilat without a subscription lansoprazol over the counter usa vardenafilum buy no prescription cephalexin not generic cialis sales uk 20mg medrol 32 mg tablets buy trial erection packs 1 singapore diclofenac online mexico tadacip wanted online review where to buy cipro in canada safely cialis soft from europe erythromycin acne estrace price canada motilium tablets 10mg order viagra with no prescription cheap canadian lotrisone no prescription discount lipitor 20 online proscar side effects long term how much will atorvastatin cost finpecia inhouse pharmacy reviews can order arimidex canada olanzapine bonus pills medrol dosepak order canada cephalexin lawsuit bioidentical testosterone cream bodybuilding buy cleocin without prescription brand nymphomax buy where can your buy albendazole american ginseng root candy ventolin discontinued estrofem on line in the canada best place buy toprol xl pct online azulfidine india acquistare orlistat in italia anafranil online without rx how to take azithromycin 250mg tablets carvedilolo to buy in the canada without a prescription disulfiramum drug class propecia costs generic buy finax in uk elimite to buy in the uk without a prescription morning after pill boots free under 25 safe place order diclofenac where to buy ortho cyclen online canada maxalt precio mexico generic feldene purchasing viagra plus online uk where to buy arzomicin without a prescription cleocin gel buy online india is it illegal to order generic proventil tratamiento omifin embarazo multiple propranolol buy online mexico toprol xl usa pharmacy lisinopril pictures of tablets generic for bactrim ds tablets albuterol sulfate inhalation solution 0.083 buy levitra plus online safely torsemide buy on line bupropion xl 300 mg side effects long time side effects tadalis can i buy viagra in canada noroxin in the uk now can you buy amlodipinbesilat over the counter in germany the future is today emerging drugs for the treatment of erectile dysfunction clonidine shipping overseas buy inderal astrailia cleocin drug schedule neurontin dosage rxlist canada and elavil best place to buy advair online how to order nizagara online aldactone drug in germany pharmacy cheap blue diamond pills top 10 online myambutol sites erection packs 1 drug in usa pharmacy what is the correct dosage of kamagra phenergan medication side effects allegra no rx buy doxi 1 greece can you order nizagara best place to buy nolvadex in india how much is metformin tablets promethazine dm syrup recreational use orlistatum from canada without rx mircette online without prescription finasteride 1 mg generico mexico viagra super active pharmacy prices list aricept 10 mg what are the names of the different types of drugs buy silagra online without a prescription side effects of allimax evista for men sale in uk aricept 100 brand viagra india keburukan pil perancang yasmin buy haldol hong kong online pharmacy venlor pills sweat norvasc side effects mayo clinic liquid acticin review purchase lopid mg atrovent hfa prices orlistatum generic uk lopressor perth australia snovitra super power max dose where to buy topamax ointment buy generic apo clopidogrel online lopressor brand necessary purchase bupropion 100 mg what is propranolol hydrochloride side effects pharmacy degree student room rogaine 5 usa cvs prices order crestor 5mg tablets no prescription pharmacy long term side effects of viagra jelly feldene sublingual dosage buy yasmin paypal accepted buy brand amoxil online probalan mist canada download vince delmonte culturismo sin tonterias dapoxetine india price buy hydrochlorothiazide buspar for sale canada buy phenamax without prescription how to take claritin mg how much will risperdal cost acheter cialis en belgique order celadrin from usa without prescription flagyl 4 times a day artane buy online ireland generic diamox canada acai berry and high blood pressure medicine celadrin over the counter uk lowest price viagra jelly pravachol pct buy fasigyne without a prescription cafergot more drug side effects how to buy rosuvastatin online probalan canada companies only lady era on line purchase nitroglycerin shelf life acai shortage 2012 buy azitromicina mg online buy neurontin without a subscription aldactone from usa pharmacy benemid in costa rica pariet online no prescription side effects of olanzapine withdrawal can you buy clomid over counter dubai asacol canada what is wigraine mg used to treat generic snovitra super power india prednisona 50 mg norapred buy tenormin pills in the mexico skelaxin without prescription pills anteovin medication overnight delivery international online pharmacy forums best online pharmacy no prescription valium 20 mg prozac and 300 mg wellbutrin zaditor compare prices can you split toprol xl tablets what is avapro drugs buy generic topamax online no prescription tamoxifen pharmacy usa is actonel available on line in canada buy flonase online overnight delivery cheapest terramycin tablets uk viagra dosage 200mg where can i get avodart from amlodipin buy without buying cilest cilest from usa pharmacy quetiapinum canadian online overnight pharmacy decadron no script aricept cost canada alesse mircette reviews buy xenical 120 mg without prescription levitra plus by mail order original tofranil online legal buy celadrin online canada viagra jelly for daily use canada erythromycin ethylsuccinate for children discount code for trental craigslist usa trucks texas elocon pill shortage dutas pct buy mebendazole dosage for dogs buy picrolax from canada albenda online usa no prescription how to take aleve safely online forum buy benadryl cash on delivery buy liv 40 abana refills ephedraxin birth control online canada uroxatral tablets from buy septilin buy canada purchase zenegra mg cheap viagra free delivery hoodia pills online in the usa movalis birth control online uk rocaltrol perth australia himalaya liv 52 ds price what is didronel pills used for where to get oratane pct augmentin 1g contre indication buy advair tablets mexico etodolac from usa buy lantus insulin cheap best place to order calan in us order altace on line india yasmin shopping mall order aceon rx medicine to gain weight quickly diclofenac gel reviews for men cost of isoptin without insurance what does actonel treat fast mometasona deleviery my allopurinol coupons my renova coupons ondansetron dose child comprar ophthacare en argentina online pharmacy no prescription needed prandin abilify dosage forms very cheap vasotec cleocin gel shopping levothyroid fast canada cefixime fast usa allopurinol next day delivery the chepest deltasone hydroxyzine order vpxl online no prescription with a mastercard order paroxetine without rx donde comprar terramycin comprar etodolac original lamisilate online bestellen rosuvastatin buy online ireland can you legally buy antibiotics online medication similar to flovent prednisolone pregnancy category citalopram mg usa brand amoxil usa pharmacy where is the acai berry from phenergan suppository storage order exelon from canada without prescription cialis once a day review kroger pharmacy jobs atlanta dipyridamole buy online us best place to buy neurontin in usa leukeran shelf life oder mg tablets of cafergot where to buy neurontin with visa order unisom from mexico without prescription buy himalaya ayurslim online in india ordering pyridium mexico viramune limited india propranolol over counter drug tinidazole without rx doctor side effects of stopping prednisone in dog what exactly does flonase do doctor oder mg tablets of levitra professional actos generic drug mestinon drug classification paxil by mail vermox online uk brand viagra usa sale can get orlistat nhs indian pharmacy betoptic best price probalan nitrofurantoin birth control online canada is there a drug comparative to betapace sarafem tablets buy buy flovent cheap januvia online without rx flovent to buy in australia is there a drug comparative to tofranil skelaxin dosage 800 mg moduretic online comprar cialis generico en farmacias de andorra de confianza dapoxetine 100mg buy cheapest strattera to buy getting suhagra in australia depakote safe dose range northern ireland pharmacy online order altace from australia without prescription lady era tablets online otomax with no rx how to buy amoxil online legal to buy robaxin promethazine birth control online canada buy malegra fxt online no prescription united states oval blue pill with watson 540 hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg reviews hytrin usa pharmacy the chepest lantus portare kamagra in italia buyers of disulphiram canada atarax 40 mg dose cialis daily dosage review cialis buy cheap metronidazole flagyl 500 mg lipitor 3days delivery comprar bupropionum original en madrid other uses for differin gel fucidin cream impetigo femcare price india mevacor uk next day delivery buy rosuvastatin from mexico online nizoral tablets us online what are the side effects of promethazine with codeine walmart alli pills price generic antara uk can you buy tadalis over the counter us pharmacies online that sell metronidazol oracea in usa order eldepryl from uk without prescription canadian pharmacy eltroxin i pill mentat website deltacortril ent tablets prednisolone amitriptyline elavil for migraines prometrium pills online in the usa emsam in the uk best viagra online review where can you buy acai berry diet pills in canada cialis 10 mg filmcoated tablets brand levitra shipping overseas zestril patient reviews overseas pharmacy no prescription lariam side effects of celexa medication fertomid drug store online safe to buy generic alavert from canada generic avapro india buy lioresal online with mastercard what are the side effects of zofran overnight pharmacy tinidazole bacterial stds how to purchase aristocort order quibron t from mexico without prescription vermox tablets used ventolin on line in the mexico buy propecia in india what is phenergan cream used for buy elocon cream online ginseng generic name purchasing neurontin online order non generic furosemide where can i get fluss 40 from donde puedo comprar dapoxetine best prevacid prices antiviral drugs for genital herpes valacyclovir vs acyclovir herpes zoster rogaine 2 uk companies only how to get cefadroxil in australia buy alesse uk yaz pharmacy mail order micardis telmisartan wikipedia purchase snovitra super power on line in the uk where do i acticin in usa carafate liquid price triamcinolone acetonide cream usp 1 percent is the morning after pill free uk pharmacies online that sell atomoxetin how does cabergoline prevent ohss cheap generic alavert where to buy nitrofurantoin online canada cvs pharmacy zithromax wisconsin list of canadian pharmacies best place to buy nexium in usa i pill valaciclovir website omifin para hombres embarazo where can i buy anteovin mg original aceon online tretinoin cream usp retino a 0.05 best hoodia gordonii pills sominex online is there a generic pill for evista levitra super active no prescription fedex ups sumycin 10 mg mirapex with no perscription what is the best online pharmacy tech school venda de viagra em portugal generic orlistar switzerland suhagra 50 cheapest alli prices order percocet overnight order abilify no prescription online over the counter medicine that acts as celapram can you really buy hydrocodone online maximum recommended dose of seroquel fast norvasc delivery how to buy amantadine in canada cheap buspar 100 mg what is baclofen tablets cheap colchicine 0.6 mg buy extendaquin online australia no prescription buy robaxin pills in the canada priligy with prescription zestoretic without prescription lozol canadian pharmacy how to take levoxyl mg how to use korean red ginseng powder noroxin suppliers overseas ephedraxin india sale flagyl er canadian online overnight pharmacy buy ephedra diet pills detrol discount no prescription pomegranate juice benefits for kids buy antibiotics next day delivery eldepryl tablets 40mg lopressor pricing arava pct buy drugs similar to clomifene retin a 0,05 pills online in the mexico can i order cialis jelly online how much is tizanidinum tablets purchase himcolin in usa duphalac from canada without rx online sildenafila with no prescription generic prilosec walgreens can you get pregnant while taking bactrim cheap generic oxytrol buy pariet 100 get amoxiline las vegas purchase disulfiramo in usa best site to buy caffeine ergotamine lopressor 100mg cheap abilify 5mg side effects brand name sumycin online is viagra legal in portugal spc methylprednisolone injection amlodipinbesilat fast india can you buy valtrex drug trusted colchicina lawsuit what class of drugs is benadryl clavamox fast mexico fast bystolic deleviery is abilify available in canada vasotec canada pharmacy where to buy cialis soft in canada safely zitromax generic canada viagra for women in india motrin generic canada zofran echeck indocin supplier in uk side effects of diltiazem sr buy trimox 50 himalaya shuddha guggulu price what does altace do liquid cialis online where do i celadrin in india order thyroxine pills order demadex online no prescription with a visa where can i purchase nizagara can i smoke weed and take viagra dilantin 20 mg retino a cream 0,025 noprescrition needed uk online pharmacy canadian pharmacy no prescription revia order vagifem from canada without prescription how to import zoloft best place buy tofranil l tryptophan dosage too high zoloft generic brands order ampicilina on line canada online speman india discount pyridium mg buy aviane 28 with no script ordering adalat mexico order periactin for weight gain pregnant oratane over the counter uk altace phone orders buy pulmicort hong kong order ordering suprax usa key pred fast uk birth control pills dipyridamole best place to buy fucidin baytril 2.5 dosage chickens most reliable place to buy finast online buy requip online how to use unisom sleepmelts rosuvastatin without prescription canada buy maxaman tablets online kamagra oral jelly dose diamox buy india bupropion shortage where to buy amlodipinbesilat without a prescription beconase aq usa cvs prices best price for real desyrel buy dipyridamole 100 can you buy generic diflucan no prescription retin a cream 0.05 how to use side effects of blood pressure medication why shortage of doxycycline fastest clonidine uk delivery buy genuine mobic uk buy liponexol no prescription buy apo furosemida online canada no prescription where can i buy acai berry in south africa revista avon online 2013 avalide sale generic drugs isotretin without a prescription from us zocor trusted online drug stores in canada allegra printing salem nh comprar albenza online buy zitromax online india clomifene reviews purchase prometrium cheap pulmicort generic cheap costs can u get flonase over the counter cvs pharmacy generic drug price list prednisone dose no prescription fluss 40 sale purchase cafergot mg new england journal of medicine amantadine order minocycline what is trazodone hcl tabs buying zovirax from canada no prescription nizoral from canada without rx antara with no perscription resources for combivent arzomicin online uk side effects of retin a 0,05 price increase grifulvin v mexican zyvox buy over the counter bupron sr online where to buy atacand with mastercard liquid ampicillin review comprar carafate original zestoretic buy online india fincar medication side effects methotrexate dosage psoriatic arthritis irbesartan vs losartan stromectol medication enalapril 20 mg side effects deltacortril prednisolone alcohol hyzaar medication dose clomifene over the counter allegra shoes usa casodex and zoladex side effects albendazole perth australia cialis soft uk boots best place to buy tizanidina in australia mevacor no prescription compare prices para que se usa benicar cheap liverpool apartments 1 night femara buy on line indocin shop janumet generic usa why is there a shortage of lioresal generic premarin paypal is there a shortage of cefadroxil what are the side effects of aldactone fluss 40 fast mexico order ditropan pharmacy cod where can i buy fasigyne mg cheap no prescription lexapro online celexa online meds over the counter medicine that acts as periactin what is the best dosage of viagra to take best place to buy trimox in australia purchase demadex on line in mexico remeron overdose frusemide to buy in england grifulvin v generico italiano buy finpecia online thru paypals fosamax 10 mg nebenwirkungen can you buy cefadroxil in ireland buy dutas pills online where can i buy vermox online without a prescription best clonidine prices viagra price at tesco serpina prices cvs isoniazid no prescription canada buy fluoxetine 60 mg zyvox online canada drugstore ivermectin why has tretinoin 0 025 been discontinued colospa india companies only viagra cialis best price anacin visa are there any weight gain pills that work how to purchase rosuvastatin atomoxetin canada what drug category is pletal genuine zebeta best price wellbutrin sr now co uk compazine usa pharmacy what is medrol drugs malegra fxt for men in usa low cost fml forte how much will roaccutane cost bupron mg tablet singulair reviews in adults where the hell is allie brosh brand cialis medication online buy prednisolone usa retino a cream 0,05 mg india actos canada prescription erection packs 1 express canada buy viagra in south africa eurax cost comparison purchasing fluticanose online amoxiline pct buy buy provera online in usa buy bentyl online overnight realo discount drugs surf city nc xeloda shipping overseas ondansetron odt 8 mg tablets pregnancy over the counter simvastatina generic for keflex side effects proscar cheap price buy percocet with a mastercard prometrium discount voucher canadian vytorin compazine barato duprost buy uk ordering cabgolin is there a shortage of cabaser shuddha guggulu order buy fluoxetina boots pharmacy over the counter medicine that acts as bupron cheap sildenafila free delivery stromectol dose poids topamax online meds advair pills online in the india otomax canadian online overnight pharmacy i pill levitra professional website acnetane cheap india pharmacy prednisone for dogs side effects aggression i want to order prevacid nexium 40mg twice a day buy lozol without a subscription is there a shortage of cabgolin micardis generic equivalent salbumol reviews order atarax rx que es clomifeno 50 mg zyvox 600 mg drug interactions side effects buy cialis super active online no prescription usa do you need rx nymphomax leukeran costco what is xeloda made of order didronel canada buy cheap propecia canada buy tizanidina canada styplon generic wikipedia drugs can buy brand amoxil online buy periactin from mexico online combivent cost in canada viagra prescriptions cost atomoxetine buy online uk orlistat mais barato western drug luvox generic aspirin prescription drug orders i want to pay some aripiprazola how long does it take for doxycycline mono to work donde comprar finasteride argentina precio viagra mexico 2011 when will celebrex be generic generic advair hfa where to buy eldepryl mg buy viagra soft online canada canada and isoptin what is tizanidinum mg used to treat where to buy micronase online usa floxin without insurance tomato maxifort evecare to buy in australia best site get cytotec micronase non perscription countries online pharmacies europe where to buy retin a online without rx dilantin over the counter drugs no prescription amitriptyline sildenafil citrate 100 mg oral jelly can you buy viagra online legally prednisolona tablets buy buy carbozyne online with out prescription how long does nizagara take to work hyzaar comprare astelin side effects uk stromectol pills online in the india cheap zydis sale uk revatio without a script where can i buy cialis soft online without a prescription what is the best time to take metformin for pcos zestril without a prescription from mexico propranolol high blood sugar detrol pills how to purchase cialis super active levotiroxina eutirox efectos secundarios aspirin maximum dosage per day can i buy claravis in canada zyprexa side effects australia periactin pricing buy prednisolone visa order trazodone on line uk buy retin a 0 05 with paypal buy innopran xl without rx no script aricept mg is mail order voveran sr safe amlodipinbesilat drug schedule original fosamax online exelon to purchase without a prescription buy generic isotretin online no prescription estradiol creme at low price pharmacy lipothin cheap uk chlamydia antibiotics over the counter cheap abilify 25 mg buy hytrin with paypal ordering low dose flovent como comprar proventil is prevacid better than ranitidine buy kamagra soft greece inexpensive altace online cheap can you buy glucophage over the counter in germany costo del tegretol aldactone prescription blood treat average cost of proventil cytotec sale quiapo prazosin with american express buy cialis sublingual online canada no prescription erexin v online in us coumadin cheap buy malegra fxt bulk the online drugstore hoodia where to buy metocarbamol in canada safely buy zentel mg cialis jelly lawsuit celapram india pharmacy safe almetec no precription glyset mg price phone in order for xeloda buy tofranil perth australia can i buy zenegra in canada where can i buy nolvadex in uk cheap gabapentine sale uk cheap pet meds india no ovulation on clomid 150mg online geriforte purchase lopressor medicine online cvs dramamine tablets neurontin perth australia renalka ordering no prescription best online pharmacy generic synthroid canadian drugs stores isoniazid buy online ireland what is the correct dosage of vpxl ciprofloxacina mg canadian rx diflucan 10 mg astelin overnight fedex consultant ayurslim from canada without rx what is propecia half life comprar glycomet original en madrid carafate costco can you get key pred ayurslim without prescrip lukol mg tablet lexapro pills online in the australia vytorin drug in germany pharmacy bristol myers squibb lecture theatre lensfield road haridra legal us buy lasuna inhaler canada furosemide maximum dosage buy grifulvin v online india fast nymphomax deleviery risperdal mg canada buy venlor for daily use lasix online with out prescription cheap generic colchicine safe aristocort no prescription zovirax without rx can you buy cialis jelly in ireland tadalafil safe lasix no precription depakote tablets emoquette usa sale ordering kamagra generic pills buy inderal online uk no prescription skelaxin medicine used mircette delivery uk no prescription fluoxetine sale renagel side effects uk buying seasonique using paypal c ratioph mg tablet seroxat side effects weight gain after stopping lasix vardenafilum over the counter how much does a prescription of keflex cost eurax women buy buy advair diskus using paypal order trial erection packs 1 online no presctiption viagra dosage levels increased raciper without insurance order vytorin no rx canadian pharmacy do tesco slimming aid tablets work my oracea coupons generic albendazole switzerland buy minomycin online usa purchase zitromax online no prescription anafranil drug in mexico pharmacy western drug demadex adova 1 mg clomide over counter pyridium yasmin birth control pills online nordette to buy in the usa without a prescription asacol lawsuit canada are canadian pharmacies legal in the u.s ordering vargra purchase levitra professional in australia canada drugs cleocin with prescription side effects of norvasc 10 mg what are methocarbamol tablets used for propranolol gador 40 risperdal side effects lawsuit buy methotrexate mg online for discount canadian pharmacy alphagan lipitor from canadian pharmacy atorvastatin zanaflex side effects eyes betoptic coupon code astelin birth control online us how to use viagra tablets in urdu where do i levaquin in india us online pharmacy no prescription salbutamol kytril drugstore.com order alfa flucon online no prescription with a echeck buy canada no prescription for azulfidine increasing lexapro dosage cheap atorlip 5 sale uk effexor xr mg usa how to order disulphiram revia pill shop discount code asthma inhalers online where to buy aricept with mastercard avana 40 mg dose comprar cozaar online ginseng capsules gnc is it safe to buy tadalafil online united solutions tech support ondansetrona generic australia duetact no rx lasilix purchase canada and adalat order tindamax from usa without prescription ordering nimotop ordering ciprofloksacin canada clyde 1 live tickets best price for real mentat wellbutrin available australia nitrofurantoin dose bnf estrace cream price shuddha guggulu tablets 40mg ou acheter mobicarte orange pharmacy has best price levothroid to buy beconase aq comprar viagra professional en argentina glucotrol xl online with out prescription mircette for purchase without a prescription entocort costco lantus online india buy allegra tablets usa levothroid online confido generico italiano amoxiline online uk mestinon refill pack generic erexor sales mirapex dosage for restless leg syndrome buy disulfiramum have no prescription can we trust zestoretic online triamterenum spain can you take motrin with birth control pills generic propecia for sale on line astelin in usa what is lotensin for donde comprar minocycline is mail order bupron safe how to by micronase online buy viagra sublingual 20 buy orlistatum greece allie finkle rules for girls books in order moving day canadian drug company clomid prozac online pharmacies with out prescription vet meds online canada what is another name for altace glyset where to get canadian pharmacy online cabaser alli mas barato comprar lynoral original buying retin a gel 0,1 in manchester buy generic myambutol online entocort reviews for men januvia canada sale generic form of wellbutrin sr lozol birth control online australia aciclovir echeck glucofage online in usa cheap finax uk dutasterid order online no prescription arava noprescrition needed canada online pharmacy ordering delivery altace without baclofen new zealand glycomet tablets for sale order cozaar online canada how do i get birth control pills online genuine rosuvastatin 100mg order prevacid without prescription reviews on cozaar buy meclizine online no prescription online stieva a overnight delivery order almetec rx generic prednisolone acetate ophthalmic flexisyn with out a prescription pil perancang keluarga yang terbaik buy aripiprazola pills in the mexico ordering thyroxine india phexin price india rosuvastatin ships from india ordering brand amoxil canada buy alti doxycycline australia online pharmacy uk flovent where can i get claritin how to by arimidex online what is lotrisone lotion used for antivert side effects reviews tofranil buy india us pharmacies online that sell vistaril usa buy cialis sublingual without prescription purchase prevacid online where can you buy nitroglycerin sominex in italia cialis super active drugstore com pricing buy rythmol sr online without prescription abilify mg usa emsam online pay paypal buy ashwagandha plant uk detrol from canada without rx do you need rx predalone mail order generic procardia beat way to order eurax generic for isoniazid abilify reviews for bipolar 2 fast does wellbutrin work what is amlodipine used for sinemet plus 25 100 mg cipralex online with out prescription get cialis super active toronto thyrox uk buy requip generic dosage purchase biaxin 500mg online how to by seroquel online yasmin side effects geriforte tablets from buy clincin shelf life side effects of dilantin and alcohol ordering zebeta india eurax ltd uk where do i estro in india buy actonel hong kong brand comprar is allegra available on line in canada viagra prescription drug australia online what drug category is pravachol vasodilan prescription only robaxin overnight fedex order carafate no rx canadian pharmacy buy minocycline online overnight delivery ebay levitra spamassassin local.cf viagra komposisi salep elocon how to use levitra professional kamagra soft pharmacy what medicine to take for back pain during pregnancy where to buy wellbutrin sr with echeck baclofen uses ms healthtrans discount pharmacy card aldactone suppliers overseas prednisone rx mexico metformin prescription only fml forte discount how to use promethazine w codeine generic pills for clozaril actoplus met for men sale in uk buy voveran sr without rx order non generic keppra generico do crestor 10mg liposafe canada no prescription viagra local store buy female viagra cheap houses for sale allington ondansetrona over the counter canada billig nitroglycerin online kaufen the chepest indocin can you buy muscle relaxants over counter long term safety of panmycin best place buy finax buy alfumet ranitidine discount no prescription can i buy lincocin buying viagra cheap online best generic calan review pyridium 20 mg chlamydia poster uk can i buy citalopram proscar side effects 2012 generic rumalaya overnite shipping buy baclofen astrailia prometrium without a script curacne over the counter drugs buy cialis soft online mexico no prescription coumadin in canada salbumol online dostinex online from india generic roaccutan usa pharmacy motilium uk sale confido tablets online comprar finasteride zofran trusted online drug stores in canada pain pills no prescription hydrochlorothiazide india companies only buy over the counter phenergan online buy flovent patch united healthcare mail order rx order micronase without rx where to buy prednisone online usa where to buy prevacid online uk what does original blue pill do what does an antabuse tablet look like how to buy hoodia in canada levothyroid india sale lantus no prescription fedex ups female pink viagra review finast online australia best place to buy florinef in mexico methotrexate india suppliers order beconase aq canada saw palmetto capsules for hair loss costco pharmacy crestor how long does it take for mobic to kick in generic viagra online review acivir pills prices cvs what is the medicine citalopram used for buy tricor with a mastercard purchase generic minocin buy metformin online no prescription canada best site for metocarbamol dyazide online australia lotensin online price generic levaquin prices topamax sprinkle capsules does diflucan work better than nystatin flunil buy mexico class action lawsuit against allied barton glucophage pills side effects houses for sale allington lincs viagra and amyl nitrates acnetane from uk online no prescription uk for lantus lipitor no perscription 3. what is the rationale for using danazol a gonadotropin inhibitor is glucofage legal in uk acai online in us endep to buy in australia propecia generico anagen para que se usa buspar best place to buy yagara in canada anafranil online ordering best place to buy viagra online in the us lotrisone how to purchase promethazine buy cheap seroquel overnight rite aid pharmacy store locator acticin from canada danazol spain viagra effects on women yahoo mentax over the counter canada purchase dipyridamole in mexico retin a cream 0.05 tretinoin usual maintenance dose of lanoxin ginseng mg usa canada and betnovate side effects of lanoxin in dogs red pill blue pill techno song asda viagra in pharmacy side effects of procardia xl 60 mg retail price detrol abilify through prescription patient ephedraxin generic australia acheter nootropil buy ephedraxin without prescription prednisone for dogs for sale buy liv 52 capsules the chepest flovent prescription buy finpecia brand viagra in the uk lipitor for discount is generic amoxycillin effective aristocort fast mexico citalopram qt prolongation health canada order fluoxetine online in usa where can i get kelnor from buying purinethol zenegra order online salbutamol reviews for men buy keflex online australia no prescription purchase unisom in mexico viagra brand names in india low cost online pharmacy generic buspar norvasc noprescrition needed uk online pharmacy purchase voltaren cream uk pharmacies online that sell doksazosin lek buy zoloft pills in the canada buy diprosone bulk buy calcium carbonate bulk zyrtec perth australia ciprofloxacina canada revia india pharmacy buy online 36 hr cialis olistat from canada without rx cutting zocor pills in half didronel refills buy generic liv drugs similar to doxi 1 keppra dose in renal failure amitriptyline color of pills protonix tablets india tadalafil compare prices valaciclovir without prescription pills ranitidine tablets ip 300 mg bupropionum roche precio argentina india drug amantadine generic claritin online canada abc news online pharmacy viagra for sale cheap trental without a prescription from australia buy quibron t online no prescription canada roaccutane medication on line nitroglycerin no prescription reviews how to order lukol online order vpxl on line usa fluss 40 without a prescription from canada buy arimidex without rx uk version of baclofen domperidone purchase online alavert rxlist mentat ds syrup medication where can i order cytotec buy capoten perth australia american revolutionary war tricorn hat anafranil in italia non prescription famvir is fucidin cream good for impetigo pastillas cialis tadalafil 20 mg feldene 20 mg capsules pharmacy has best price glyset suhagra uk buy tadalis sx to buy in the uk without a prescription order atarax canada canada no prescription viagra over the counter online brand name lamisil online 100 mg exelon hydrochlorothiazide dose diltiazem hcl 100mg buy retin a 0,025 hong kong glucotrol canada provera pas cher italie orlistat shortage in uk ayurslim prescription coupon renagel from australia what does doxycycline treat gonorrhea indian generics online probalan best price for l tryptophan disgrasil orlistat viagra soft canada approved where can i get some betnovate apcalis sx medicine children canada tetracycline tablets online caprysin over the counter uk olistat from australia buy lanoxin quick zoloft weight gain vs weight loss discount olanzapine otc celadrin acheter buy c ratioph online pharmacy canadian drug company tizanidinum ordering aygestin canada amaryl rx acheter aspirine ph8 cheap prednisona no prescription key pred online australia cordarone spc best cialis professional prices medicine online pharmacy buy cholestoplex online pain medication no prescription online no prescription uk for periactin buy artane from mexico online robaxin online order purchase sarafem in australia zentel uk companies only buy oral cefixime order erection packs 3 overnight lozol cheap uk what is delta cortef hydromorphone side effects elderly fexofenadine pregnancy category eurax legal us buy paxil online safely coupons for synthroid medication brand name vasodilan online seasonique best online non prescription pharmacy buy glucofage online pharmacy l thyroxine pills sweat lasix for dogs buy brand levitra order on web can i order topamax no prescription in the usa serpina canada sale great online pharmacy reviews canada and coumadin pharmacy express discount coupon suprax without prescription medication desyrel uses fasigyn medicine online mobic 15 mg without prescription what is xanax prescribed for phone in order for riperdal boots amsterdam pharmacy prednisone prescription drug assistance ordering tricor nolvadex to purchase without a prescription power plus drogue vente sur internet can relafen get you high buy moduretic without a subscription youtube stats subscribers lantus pills online in the usa buy disulfiramo boots cabaser canada online no prescription overnight pharmacy cialis sublingual cheap capoten no prescription canadian no rx pharmacy cost of augmentin xr nexium lawsuit outcome clomid babies where can i get danazol pills zocor side effects weight gain diarex in croatia brahmi in costa rica oder mg tablets of lopid what is the drug lotensin used for micardis 80 mg cheap zertalin no prescription overnight delivery hard rhino piracetam amazon united pharmacies modafinil 200mg rumalaya forte comprar cleocin for sale online ordering singulair here in canada online hydrea india no rx lady era online nordette order online buy alavert in ireland beta val italiano splitting seroquel xr pills nootropil legal us allopurinol prescription gout medications motrin moms twitter best place to buy zentel in uk long time side effects rocaltrol mail order generic hydrodiuril where can i get buspar american toprol xl best place to buy eurax in usa resources for cardizem synthroid vs levothyroxine hair loss cialis super active online order eldepryl lawsuit canada how to use ventolin accuhaler buy regenon online buy aristocort without prescription zyloprim prescription only best price for sarafem buy levlen without a subscription ginseng for sale online singulair chewable tablets dosage is aygestin available on line in canada mirapex buy india phone in order for aldactone buy cheap super avana pills acai with paypal payment provera tablets for purchase feldene injection side effects buy dipyridamole astrailia buy levitra plus usa aviane 28 tablets from buy aldactone dosage bodybuilding erythromycin tablets bp 250 orlistat reviews side effects duphalac costco buy l thyroxine uk buy propecia australia cheapest amaryl 1 mg price parlodel pills online in the india costco lipitor price buy moduretic 100 florida estro cheap abana free delivery prescription without buy carafate is trazodone available in new zealand ovulation calculator for women on clomid online pharmacy otomax viagra discreet delivery mometasona for sale store generic lipitor cholesterol diltiazem lawsuit settlements cheapest coreg to buy buy terramycin capsules purchase himcocid on line in mexico buy ceftin tablets usa pay by check using paypal buy generic mircette generic provigil online no prescription buy dostinex online in the united states without a prescription reglan generic cheap costs buy premarin visa buy kamagra 100mg generic buy oestrogel pills in the us casodex maximum dose amantadine drug for dogs no prescription medrol dosepak sale eltroxin dosage side effects prescription maxalt buy bactroban new zealand online where can i order glucotrol xl prescription order amaryl can you buy flagyl online cheap lopid uk buy atorlip 5 pills online alli orlistat 60mg 120 viagra with no prescription uk premarin dose range use ophthacare coupon online buy aspirin in ireland overnight pharmacy tinidazole stds is it illegal to order generic rhinocort valaciclovir online coupon code buy permethrinum tablets australia best place buy silagra pct order ginseng rootlets order cialis 10 mg online purchase aygestin on line in canada is glucophage a schedule ii drug canada rx d order dyazide online no presctiption lamisilate order by phone brand amoxil for purchase without a prescription genuine amoxiline best price can you only get prinivil on prescription buy fosamax 40 cheapest place to buy januvia buy fasigyn pills in the uk over counter zanaflex innopran xl online with out prescription methotrexate generic manufacturers revatio over the counter australia aygestin for sale usa mometasona fast usa what is amaryl 4 mg used for cost of estrace cream betapace online from canada voltaren from uk tetracycline medicine used drinking alcohol antibiotics flagyl buy duetact tablets australia colchicine pills online in the australia purchase orlistatum online triamterenum india pharmacy order nexium 40 mg best place to buy anafranil in usa what percent of illegal drugs come from mexico metronidazol not generic cleocin gel discontinued cheapest place to buy speman diflucan tablets cost of mail v gel sertraline dose too high fucidin h crema how to purchase probalan what group of drugs is digoxin tinidazolum for sale philippines apo meloxicam 15 mg side effects female cialis buy uk how long does it take for motilium to kick in side effects of hydrochlorothiazide mayo clinic cephalexin online bestellen generic quibron t buy canada best pharmacy to order septilin doxycycline over the counter uk serevent brand positioning price buy cheap generic allopurinol buy oxycodone mexican pharmacy generic cialis no prescription australia venlor ordering online pharmacy carbozyne pills online in the india gabapentine from australia diamox without script can you buy alli over the counter any more? triamterene buy mexico alavert india no prescription metronidazole prices risperdal 1mg price aviane 28 uk buy over the counter bactroban substitute nizoral suppliers overseas purchase aleve on line in usa levlen ed side effects weight gain vytorin online pharmacy where can i buy clonidine mg elocon cream nhs cymbalta prescription card reglan online store can i buy phenergan over the counter in australia cialis 10mg or 20 mg skelaxin for sale uk diprosone order accutane pas cher revatio from drugs com zithromax order canada pharmacy has best price viagra professional zyrtec and high blood pressure medication viagra for sale with no prescription buy motilium mexican pharmacies compazine medication online lopid prices retin a 0 05 without script oral medication for scalp ringworm unisom in italia viagra mg uk unisom order on web order avodart lowest price where can i purchase vytorin wellbutrin sr medication guide how to use medrol atacand perth australia phenergan perth australia flagyl er generic india buying flunil using paypal elavil in italia is there a shortage of grifulvin v order cytotec usa dutasteride avodart 0.5mg percocet buy canada chea cialis uk get brand advair diskus las vegas american clincin dilantin tablets purchase on line generic viagra sublingual switzerland levaquin discount program prednisone over the counter walgreens boots pharmacy kingston retail park keflex cheap uk metoprolol tartrate 100mg buy ginseng ordering nitroglycerin uk diflucan drugs for sale sertralina medication side effects simvastatina no prescription compare prices prednisone buy australia zenegra sale pills 20mg can order tretinoin 0 025 canada lisinopril generic for aceon norco sight 1 2013 how much do nitroglycerin pills cost parlodel canada no prescription buy albenda online from australia order zedd online no prescription with a echeck side effects of ramipril 5mg buy aceon tablets mexico endep for sleep tablet retin a 0 025 buy canada non generic mg clonidine pills order nitrofurantoin lowest price discount keflex from usa cheapest flonase paypal cheapest buy actos drugs cialis everyday dose buy cheap clonidine pharmacy fluoxetina buy online canada antivert motion sickness pills order prinivil from india without prescription adalat on line no script eurax for daily use canada is there a generic brand for atacand ondansetrona without prescription fluoxetine tablets 10mg purchase ciprofloksacin on line in uk drug market order celexa phone in order for clozaril reviews on lotrel ditropan no prescription reviews generic name for serophene astrazeneca nexium discount card misoprost pills online in the uk what does arimidex treat buy over the counter rumalaya forte online buy stieva a online no prescription usa buy clonidine in singapore buy tenormin atomoxetin to buy in the uk without a prescription online pharmacy erection packs 2 vermox where to purchase serpina without prescription pills no script dapoxetine mg abilify online usa best place to buy topamax in australia actonel costco order novo digoxin rx mobic tablets purchase on line gabapentine pas cher toprol xl generic manufacturers what is triamterenum made of cost of lantus where do i levaquin in australia canadian pharmacy tadalis zithromax package insert fda cipralex buy mexico is there a shortage of fluconazol how to get rid of chlamydia without medication generic erection packs 2 in usa cialis generika billig buy quibron t online from india singulair over the counter drugs buy prevacid online from mexico order fasigyn on line uk can benadryl allergy get you high can you take voveran sr daily avalide purchase in canada no prescription generic pulmicort switzerland microzide from canada with no prescription precio de cialis 10 mg en mexico all types zertalin pills how to buy ginseng in london methotrexate drug in uk pharmacy levitra orodispersible usa what is exelon patches used for ordering cialis sublingual generic viagra zyban modo de usar abilify daily use reviews what drug category is lipitor ordering fluoxetina on line brand advair diskus perth australia can order actoplus met online brand levitra direct pharmacy no prescription cordarone sale cost of premarin 0.3mg trileptal online legally pharmacy has best price curacne can buy levitra professional online billig serophene online kaufen decadron uk pharmacy baytril side effects rabbits levoxyl order by phone buy levothyroid uk naltrexone alcohol cravings is dyazide legal in uk grifulvin v buy online mexico pharmaceutical industry news snovitra super power where to buy in canada purchase lipothin on line in mexico how to get septilin in australia canada drugs colchicine with prescription brand name paroxetine online midamor buy online uk xenical alli difference order simvastatina from india without prescription deltacortril enteric 5mg can you only get clopidogrelum on prescription viagra sublingual india buy erection packs 3 have no prescription generic available for actos carbozyne over the counter canada buy albendazole online in usa sale erection packs 3 metformin cancer treatment lasix australia price buy retino a cream 0 05 using paypal did generic uroxatral become available buy ginseng seeds online is there a shortage of fluticanose buy atacand low cheap price best site to buy maxaman purchase zyban online no prescription where to buy bupropion mg glucotrol xl tablets online clonidine birth control online india oristal online in us phexin sent to spain buy tetracycline low cheap price ordering fluss 40 cleocin for sale philippines buy colospa 50 order fluoxetina online no prescription with a mastercard prednisone uses for poison ivy what are the side effects of taking diflucan buy acai hong kong purchase zithromax no prescription delivered overnight can you buy valtrex drug discount biying motrin 800 purchase flagyl on line in canada pharmacies atarax anxiety sedation buy birth control pills india low cost keftab levitra from china mometasona online canadian buspar prescription coupon cheap nizagara no prescription lasix iv to po drugstore oil free liquid foundation liv 52 max dose how to find legitimate canadian pharmacies suhagra generico online erection packs 2 canada renagel from canada without rx side effects of mega t green tea with acai generic procardia buy canada nizoral shampoo bulk buy beta val order online no prescription atenolol 50 mg getting lioresal in australia how to take reglan mg cheapest place buy alli forced to cum many times cheap progaine 4 pills fincar how to buy cheap retin a 0 025 pills maxalt shipping overseas best place to buy confido online diarex usa sale uk buy amoxil online viagra pfizer patent expiration accutane online prescription vente de coumadin au quebec use zaditor coupon online buyers of depakote canada purchase kamagra soft long time side effects cozaar buy differin overseas buy female viagra pills in the india levothyroxin not generic side effects of premarin pills medazole usa sale ordering frumil canada canada medrol dosepak tablets online depakine chrono order in the us
Know how

Article categories

Grow your own

Whatever the scale of your ambitions or plot you'll find something useful here.

Make your own

Reduce your footprint by making your own, from knitting to soap-making to adorning your home.

Livestock and pets

Find out about rearing livestock from the farm to the garden, and doing the best for your pets.

Energy efficiency and construction

Discover how to adapt, change and even build your own home to enable you to tread more lightly upon the planet.

Cooking, preserving and home brewing

From the home brewery to ambitions of chefly grandeur. Find out how to do it all here and really taste the difference.

Wild food

Subsidise the larder in a sustainable way. From fishing, to shooting, to foraging safely, find it among these articles.

Conservation and the environment

Conserve our world for future generations. See how you can help in these pages.

Marketplace

From shopping with a conscience to building your own enterprise. Find advice and encouragement among these pages.

Everything else

Sometimes the diversity of downsizing can throw up an unusual topic.

Editorial

Past editorial items from the downsizer front page.

You are here: Home arrow Articles arrow Make your own arrow Dyeing - the basics

Print

Dyeing - the basics

Written by sally_in_wales

Sally Pointer explains how to make some successful first experiments in dyeing fabrics with natural ingredients.

Many plants will make a stain if they are crushed, just think how hard it is to get blackberry juice or grass stains off clothes after a day in the countryside, but relatively few plants produce a colour so strong and lasting to have made them popular as a dye across the centuries.

When you experiment with natural dyes it is a very good idea to try using any material that you know is not poisonous and which you can get in good quantities, but you will probably find that only a few of your experiments give you colours that you want to use over and over again. The point to doing this is that you get to learn a lot about how dyes work and you might be surprised at what interesting colours you can make with very ordinary ingredients including vegetable trimmings.

It’s a very good idea always to wear gloves when handling plant materials and dyes, and always dye in areas with good ventilation, outdoors is the best if you think the dye-bath might be a bit smelly! Be very very careful to check that the plant you choose is not going to give you an allergic reaction. Some otherwise vicious plants such as nettles can give lovely colours if you handle them carefully, so take your time and do a bit of research first!

In the simplest experiments, cut up a big handful of your dye-plant and boil it up in a pan of water until the plant looks as though it has given all its colour to the water. Strain out the plant if you like and add a skein of yarn that has been mordanted (see the next section for details) and wetted. Boil the wool in the dye until you think it has taken on a good colour. This may take a few minutes or it may need to soak in the dye overnight after a good boiling. Remember that the wool will be much darker whilst it is wet with dye than it will be once you have rinsed it and let it dry.

When you are happy, take the yarn out of the dye using a stick or tongs and let the excess liquid drain back into the pan. Rinse the skein and hang it up to dry.

It’s a good idea to save a sample of yarn from each each dye-batch and carefully label it with the type of plant, the type of mordant and any other details that might be useful if you wanted to try to copy the result. Its often the case that a skein of yarn that didn’t look very promising at first turns out to be just the right colour for some weaving or embroidery project later on.

Mordants

Although many plants will give a colour, in most cases the colour will wash straight out of the wool unless you treat it first to make the colour stick.

This is known as mordanting and there are several things that can be used.

Historically, stale urine was used a lot as a mordant. It is strongly alkali and also affects the final colour of several dyes. It is still a good one to use but not many people like working with it these days.

Alum is the simplest mordant to use at home. You only need tiny amounts and if you work carefully it is not dangerous. You can get alum in 100g packets from most chemists for about 50-60p, so it is also quite cheap. For most home dye-baths, you will need a teaspoonful of alum, and an old pan that won’t get used for food again (try your local charity shop if you haven’t got a spare pan!). Put the alum into the pan with lots of water and bring it to the boil. Make sure you have lots of ventilation so you don’t breathe too much of the vapour. Add your skeins of wool and let the pan simmer for about 20 minutes. Lift out the skeins and either put them straight into your dye-bath or dry them off until you need them. If you dry them, you’ll need to carefully wet them before you use them next.

Make sure you dispose of left over mordant carefully. Small amounts like this are not too bad but any quantity of mordant could have a very damaging effect on the environment.

Alum is generally a very good mordant to use because it doesn’t change the original colour of the dye much. Other mordants can make a big difference to the final colour.

Copper sulphite (the blue crystals) will turn most yellow dyes green and can be a very useful way to get different colours. You can make a simple version of this mordant by soaking scraps of copper (a few pennies perhaps) in a jar of strong vinegar until it turns green. Add this to the dye-bath to get some colour changes, but be very careful that it's never left where anyone might try to drink it.

Ferrous sulphite (iron salts) can also make green colours but the end result is usually a ‘sadder’ shade. Think khaki instead of green to get the idea. It is very useful as a fixative for black dyes.

As this article is very brief I would suggest reading up on the uses of Copper or Iron sulphite before using it. If it is handled carefully it is quite safe but all chemicals can be dangerous and it's best to do your research first than be sorry later!

Some household chemicals such as washing soda and vinegar can also be used to change the acidity of the liquid used in dyeing. Some plants are very changeable and altering the pH of berry dyes in particular can be very impressive.

Dyeing - Yellow

Lots and lots of plants can be used to give yellow, but a few have stood out through the ages as being particularly good.

A perfect dye for your first go is onion skins. Just save the dark yellow skins from several onions until you are ready to use them and then boil them up in a saucepan with enough water to completely cover them until the water turns a very deep brownish yellow.

Strain out the onion skins and return the liquid to the pan. Add your skein of yarn or fibres (wet them first for best results) and gently boil them in the dye. The longer you leave them in the dye-bath, the stronger the colour will be.

Onion skins are especially good because they will work without a mordant (although the colour will last much longer if you use an alum mordant). When you feel the colour is strong enough, remove the skein from the dye and rinse in warm water until the water runs clear. Dry the skein and you’re done!

Weld and Dyers Greenweed are two of the best plant yellows, and have been used for hundreds of years because they give strong colours that do not fade easily.

Weld is a plant that loves to grow on disturbed ground. Sites that have been recently built on are a good place to look for it (remember never to wander around active building sites though- they’re very dangerous places) and it also really likes roadsides and sometimes sea cliffs. The whole plant gives yellow with an alum mordant and you can get some greens by using copper or iron mordants.

Dyer’s Greenweed is no longer common in the wild but it can be grown without too much difficulty. The neat growing habit makes it a nice dyeplant to grow and it produces a very pure, clear yellow with alum. Like weld, it will give some greens with copper or iron mordants.

Both of these dyes can be dried for use later. Just hang up small bunches in a dark, airy place until they are dry, then store them away from light and damp until you want to use them.

Dyeing - Red and Orange

Historically, one of the most important red and orange dyes has been madder. Several plants in the same family have roots that give pink, red and orange dyes and remains of the plant have been found in the Viking age excavations at Coppergate in York.

Madder can be grown as can its relatives dyers woodruff and ladies bedstraw, but it is very rare in the wild these days. It can be bought quite easily from herbalists and dye suppliers.

Scientifically, madder is a very interesting dye. The colour in the root, known as alizarin, is developed by a special enzyme whilst it is being heated, and to get the best colour it is important that the madder is heated up very slowly and carefully. If you rush it, you have much less chance of getting a good red and you are more likely to get bricky oranges and peaches.

Even though it can be hard to know exactly what colour you will get with madder, I really like it as a dye. Just add a small handful to a pan of water and slowly slowly heat it up over a couple of hours. Strain out the dye (the chopped up root can be used again but will give pale peaches and pinks next time) and add yarn or wool that has been mordanted with alum. Keep the dye very hot but not boiling for as long as it takes for you to get a good colour.

The dye left in the pan will keep dyeing paler shades until it has completely run out, so its quite an economical dye to use, and very useful if you want a range of shades to use in weaving. It also reacts to different levels of acid or alkali in the water, so you could experiment with additions of lemon juice or washing soda in the dyebath to see what effect that has on the colour.

Madder will never give a perfect ‘pillar box’ red with mordants such as alum, though sometimes you can get pretty close. In the past, mordants like tin were used to get the brightest reds from madder, but tin is quite poisonous to work with and I don’t suggest it for the beginner.

An insect known as cochineal also produces a bright red and purple, as does the kermes insect. In the past these dyes were very expensive and cochineal can still be bought today although kermes is very hard to get hold of.

Dyeing - Blue and Green

Blue is one of the hardest colours to get with natural dyes because so few plants produce it. The best known are woad, and indigo, which is still used to dye denim blue.

Woad can be very easily grown from seed, but be warned it can escape a little bit and you might find it all over the garden if it sets seed. In the first year it looks a bit like lettuce seedlings, but in its second year it shoots up and produces yellow flowers and black seedpods.

The dye is best made with the first year leaves, and you have to either ferment it in a strong alkali or chemically extract the colour to get blue. It is possible to get pink shades from woad as well, but the blue is the main goal when working with it.

It is beyond the scope of this little article to give extensive instructions for fermenting woad using natural alkalis such as stale urine, so all I’m going to do here is cover one way of chemically extracting the dye.

You need to take a big handful of fresh, first year woad leaves and rip them up into little pieces. Put them into a jug and pour very hot but not boiling water over them. Let this stew for a while to make a strong ‘woad tea’ before straining out the leaves and squeezing out all the juice. The ‘tea’ will be a brown colour. Next, add in, a bit at a time, a tiny bit of washing soda diluted in a little water and whisk it in until the tea turns dark green. The next part is the tricky bit, you need to heat the liquid very carefully until it reaches no more than 50° C. Now sprinkle on a very small amount of a chemical called sodium dithionite (Its sometimes sold as ‘Spectrolite’ and another version is called ‘Thiox’). This chemical removes oxygen from the dye-bath, and this is important because woad only binds to fibres in an anaerobic environment. The chemical will need about half an hour to work, in which time make sure the dye does not get stirred and keep a cover on it. When it is ready, it will have turned yellow.

To use the dye, make sure the wool is thoroughly wet, and carefully slide the skein into the dye. Leave it for a minute or two, then just as carefully slide the skein back out, letting the excess dye drain back without dripping.

The next part is magical to watch, as the air comes into contact with the dye it changes the colour from a pale yellow first to green and finally to blue. Let the skein dry out in the air before rinsing it. If it's not dark enough you can dunk it again in the dye-bath.

The dye-bath will keep producing blue until it runs out of pigment, and if the liquid turns green whilst you are dyeing it means that too much air has got in. Warm it gently again, give it a stir, then sprinkle on more sodium dithionite to remove the air again.

To get green, use wool that has already been dyed yellow. Traditionally, wool dyed with weld then woad was called ‘Lincoln green’. And wool dyed with dyers greenweed then woad was called ‘Kendal green’.

Natural and synthetic indigo powder can also be bought from dye suppliers and is used in exactly the same way. You mix it with warm water then start at the point where the washing soda was added. The colour of woad and indigo is chemically so close that archaeologists have trouble telling it apart on old textiles.

Dyeing - other colours

Purple can be obtained by dipping red into a woad dye, but quite a lot of berries such as blackberry or elderberry will give nice purples. Be warned though, the vast majority of vegetable or fruit dyes will fade with time especially if they are in strong light, so whilst they are a lot of fun to experiment with, they do not tend to be as lasting as dyes like woad and madder.

Historically, the very best purple came from the murex shellfish. The mollusc had to be crushed to extract the dye, which was processed much as woad was, by fermenting it in strong alkalis.

Black can be obtained by using oak galls and an iron mordant, although iron needs using carefully as in quantity it can weaken fibre.

Brown can be made with many barks and also plants such as heather. If you try using bark be careful not to damage trees when you harvest it, much better to use bark from wood that is going to be used as firewood.

Speaking of firewood, lichens were traditionally used to give a whole range of dyes, but they are under great threat in the wild and should never be collected. The exception to this is if you have firewood with lichens on, in which case it makes sense to try some experiments with bits salvaged from the blaze.

It's always worth considering the environmental effect of harvesting any potential dye plant. Often you can use material that would otherwise be destroyed by mowing, hedge trimming or gardening and leave the rarer wild specimens alone.

Sally Pointer's website offers a wealth of information on subjects from top to toe (literally - from pointy hats to making your own shoe lasts) as well as some wonderful things for sale handmade by Sally in Wales.