Candle Making Basics
Written by Pilsbury
Candle making is quite a simple and straightforward process that can be a lot of fun.
In it's simplest form very little equipment is needed, this can be put together quite cheaply.
double boiler (a bowl over a pan of water will do)
seal (Blutac can be used)
and of course wax.
Put the wax on to melt, so it has time to cool a little before it is poured
Thread the wick through the bottom of the mould and then tie the top
end of the wick to the support over the mould, once it is tied off then
pull the wick tight through the bottom of the mould and seal the hole
with mould seal or Blutac.
This is a proper candle mould but many containers can be pressed
into service including yoghurt pots or plastic glasses. It is important
to remember when picking a mould that the bottom of the mould will be
the top of the finished candle when it is removed.
Once the mould is threaded and the hole sealed it is time to pour the
wax, pour into the jug first as it's far easier to pour into the mould
from a jug. Check temperature before pouring, anything between 60-70c
is OK but the cooler the better.
Fill the mould almost to the top and leave to cool, donít attempt
to move it until a nice thick skin has formed over the top, this will
prevent any accidents.
As you can see the wax has shrunk during cooling, this is one
reason to pour as cool as possible, the cooler the wax the less
shrinkage. If it shrinks too much just melt a little more wax and top
up the mould.
After you have topped it up leave it to set again before you try and move it.
Leave the candle to set hard, preferably over night and then get
ready to de mould it, remove the blutac from the bottom and then gently
pull the cross support of the wick, if the candle doesnít feel like
it's moving then put the whole lot in the fridge for an hour to shrink
the wax more and try again.
Once de moulded you just need to trim the support from the bottom and the wick and you have made your first candle.
The wax I used for this candle was a mix of beaded paraffin wax and an old part used green candle as see in the picture.
If you want to colour or scent your candles you can use dye discs
and essential oils from candle making suppliers, it is possible to use
wax crayons to colour the wax but remember to use a white wax base.
If you want to use beeswax it is best to mixed with ordinary wax
otherwise it can burn smokey, I would use no more than 20% beeswax.
Making your own candles is fun and rewarding. There is a
never-ending range of possibilities including: Different shaped moulds
(including making your own from damp sand). Scented candles; you can
make your own lavender-scented wax by adding flowers to molten wax and
keeping it warm for a couple of hours to extract the essential oils.
I hope this is of use to you and you have a go at this fun and useful hobby.